Hesiod [ca 750-700 BC], Theogony
From Chaos to Order--
Origins, Creation, Succession
OUTLINE AND STUDY GUIDE
Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
[1-115] Hymn to Muses & Invocation
1-34 WHO are the Muses? WHERE do they live?
WHAT do they do?
WHOM do they teach?
WHAT do they teach him?
35-103 WHOM do they delight?
WHOM do they celebrate first?
WHO are their parents?
HOW were they born?
WHAT qualities are they associated with?
Besides Zeus, they attend WHOM?
HOW do they help?
WHO makes men singers and musicians?
104-115 WHO tells things "from the beginning"? Hesiod or the
[116-1020] Birth of the gods
116-153 [Generation I]
116-122 HOW do Void/Chasm, Earth, Tartarus, and Eros come into existence?
WHY are they the first things in existence?
123-125 WHO are the children of Void/Chasm?
126-153 WHO creates "without the passion of love"?
WHAT is created?
WHO are the Children. of Earth and Sky/Heaven/Uranus?
WHAT characteristics do they receive from each parent?
154-210 [Succession Myth: Part 1]
Uranus would not let WHOM reach WHAT?
WHO thinks of a stratagem?
WHAT is it?
WHO carries it out?
WHO is produced?
211-239 [Generation II]
Children of Night: their characteristics
Children of Sea/Pontus: their characteristics
240-338 Generation III (Titans and other Early Gods and Goddesses)
240-336 [grandchildren of Sea]
240-64 Children of Nereus:
265-9 Children of Thaumas
270-336 Children of Phorkys & Ceto
WHY are these 4 stories linked together?
337-616 [grandchildren of Earth/Ge and Heaven/Uranus]
337-70 Children of Tethys & Oceanus
371-4 Children of Theia & Hyperion
375-403 Children of Eurybia & Kreios
Styx and her children
WHY are they associated with & honored by Zeus?
404-52 Children of Phoebe and Koios
Praise of Hecate
WHAT are her characteristics?
WHOM does she help?
WHY does Zeus honor her?
453-886 Generation IV (Olympians and their generation)
453-8 Children of Kronos and Rhea
459-506 [Succession Myth: Part 2]
507-616 Children of Iapetos
WHAT is the fate of each one?
Prometheus & Zeus
WHERE did the gods and men come together?
WHAT is Prometheus' first trick?
WHAT is the result?
WHAT is Prometheus' second trick?
origin of women
WHY is she created?
WHO created her?
WHAT is woman's nature, accding to Hesiod?
617-731 [Succession Myth: Part 3]
820-68 [Succession Myth: Part 4]
869-80 Children of Typhoeus
886-962 [Generation V: Second Generation Olympians]
886-929 Zeus' marriage to goddesses
WHY does he marry so many?
The Birth of Athena
HOW is Athena born?
WHY does Zeus trick Metis?
WHO advises him?
930-3 Children of Poseidon
934-7 Children of Ares & Aphrodite
938-62 other marriages of gods
963-1020 Union of goddesses and mortals
963-8 New invocation
969-1020 Goddesses and mortals
INSIGHT: Be specific and thoughtful (Use back)
1. What is the logic behind why children are born from their parents in
this poem. In other words, categorize the kinds of explanation used by
Hesiod to link parent to child. Choose at least 3 examples.
2. Why must Zeus defeat Typhoeus? Why does he "marry" so many
goddesses? How are these two events connected? Why are they both important
for understanding Zeus?
3. What do the births of Aphrodite and Athena say about them and their
power? their power in relation to Uranus and Zeus?
4. At first glance, Zeus appears to be quite unjust to mortals when he
witholds fire and creates woman. What would Hesiod say?
5. In some ways, the first two phases of the succession myth seem to
retell the same story. Phase 3 and 4 also appear to be a doublet. First,
are they simply repeats with only the names changed or do we learn something
new in each story? Explain.
Birth of Athena (Boston 00.330)
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