161. Fundamentals of Psychological Science
Scientific study of behavior. Topics may include learning, development, personality, perception, physiological bases of behavior, the behavior of individuals in groups, and abnormal behavior. (Social Science) 

243. Psychological Insights into Environmental Problems
Human behavior is at the root of almost all environmental problems: We drive gas guzzling cars (contributing to both global warming and depletion of natural resources), produce tons of refuse, deplete water resources (build golf courses in the desert). This course explores facets of psychology that can help explain why we act as we do and how we might change behavior toward greater sustainability. We review some basic psychological principles as they apply to the environment: What are the thinking processes that lead some people to accept and others to reject concepts like global warming? How do people develop their basic value systems, and how do things like emotions and culture impact this? Even when people want to change their behaviors, what are the barriers that make change difficult?  Course includes an analysis and application of these principles to a local issue. (Social Science)

244. Human Aggression and Violence (W)
This course will examine recent efforts to integrate explanations of human aggression and violence across several disciplines. Students will consider the interplay between social learning, neural, endocrine, and evolutionary explanations of aggression by individuals in their social environment. Topics are likely to include interpersonal and online aggression, workplace violence, aggression within competitive situations, video/computer game violence, and war. In addition to analyzing both primary and secondary sources, special attention will be given the depiction of violence across several different forms of mass media. Because this is a writing course, a significant amount of time will be spent on the writing process, with a focus on revision. Not open to students who have previously completed a writing course. (Writing Requirement)

255-265. Topics in Psychology
Selected topics of current interest in psychology. See Topics Courses. (Social Science)

274. Social Psychology
An examination of the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals within their social environment. Topics will include: conformity, propaganda, persuasion, social cognition, self-justification, human aggression, prejudice, attraction, and loving relationships. Emphasis will be placed on critically examining experimentally-derived theories and testing them within naturalistic settings. This will involve data collection off-campus on a weekend. (Social Science)

276. Multicultural Psychology
An examination and critique of psychological knowledge from a multicultural perspective. Topics include: the social construction of Western psychology; cultural variations in concepts of personality, intelligence, human development, social behavior, gender, and abnormal behavior; research methodology issues; culture and communication; and psychological perspectives on oppression, prejudice, and racism. (Social Science)

277. Child Development
Physiological, cognitive, social, and cultural influences on development from conception through middle childhood. Emphasis on building an integrated picture of child development and an appreciation of how theory and data can be applied to the analysis of practical issues. Fifteen to twenty hours of observation in daycares/preschools. Students must provide their own transportation. Prerequisite: PSY 161. (Social Science)

278. Adolescence
Investigation of research on biological, cognitive, and cultural influences on adolescent development. Includes the impact of family, peers, school, media, and work, as well as identity, gender, and sexuality development. Also includes a discussion of problem behaviors (e.g., eating disorders, juvenile delinquency, alcohol use/abuse) often associated with adolescence. Course involves application of research findings to individual cases. Suggested Prerequisite: PSY 161. (Social Science)

279. Personality Theories
Survey of major research and theoretical approaches to personality, including psychodynamic, humanistic, learning, cognitive, and dispositional theories. Research evidence and theoretical consistency/usefulness concerning each approach. Current issues and debates. (Social Science)

280. Internship: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 280/380.

282. Abnormal Psychology
Etiology, dynamics, and treatment of mental disorders. Problems of diagnosis, prevention, and therapy in relation to such disturbances as transient and long-term reactions to stress, depression, anxiety disorders, addictions, schizophrenia, somatoform and dissociative disorders, and other problems in living. Field trips to selected institutions. Prerequisite: PSY 161. (Social Science)

283. Abnormal Child/Adolescent Psychology
A survey of emotional and behavioral disorders in children and adolescents, including the description of various behaviors, symptoms, syndromes, and disorders as well as research on child and adolescent disorders. The course explores multiple developmental pathways of children and adolescents as well as risks and protective factors that may influence the likelihood of developing a disorder. The course also addresses why and under what conditions disorders persist into adulthood. Prerequisites: PSY 161. (Social Science)

290/390. Individual Project: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 290/390.

292. Research Methods I
Introduction to research design with a focus on research ethics, Type I error, Type II error, sampling, measurement, reliability, validity, experimental design, introduction to quasi-experimental design, correlational design, observational research, and survey research.  Introduction to descriptive statistics (measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, confidence intervals of a single population mean), and univariate inferential statistics (independent samples t-test, dependent samples t-test, one-way ANOVA, one-way repeated measures ANOVA, confidence intervals of a difference score, estimates of effect size, Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, simple linear regression, chi squared).  Execution of all aspects of the research process including a literature search, hypothesis development, data collection, data analysis, and manuscript writing in APA style. Prerequisite: PSY 161. Required for all sophomore Psychology majors. No S/U option. (Social Science)

344. Social Neuroscience
This course is an examination of recent efforts to integrate psychological and biological explanations of social behavior. Topics are likely to include aggression, loving, prejudice, helping behavior, conformity, emotions, and attraction. The interplay between social learning, neural, and endocrine systems in explanations of the behavior of individuals within their social environment will be given special attentions. Prerequisite: PSY 274. (Social Science) 

351-360. Advanced Topics in Psychology
Critical evaluation of an issue currently under serious discussion by psychologists or of a contemporary problem to which a psychological perspective is relevant. See Topics Courses. (Social Science)

361. Cognitive Neuroscience
A critical examination of memory and thought processes. Topics are likely to include: object recognition, attention, concept formation, memory systems, visual imagery, problem solving, judgment, language, and individual differences in cognition related to age, gender, and culture. Laboratory sessions will give students first-hand experiences with the phenomena covered in the class. Prerequisite: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. (Social Science)

362. Learning and Behavior
Experimental and theoretical approaches to the understanding of classical and instrumental conditioning. Among the topics to be covered are reflexive and unlearned behaviors, situational factors in classical and operant conditioning, optimum circumstances for use of reinforcement and punishment, effects of aversive stimuli, choice behavior, learned food preferences, behavior modification, use of conditioning principles in psychotherapy, and observational learning. Prerequisite: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. (Social Science)

363. Introduction to Behavioral Neuroscience
Neural and endocrine systems and their relationships with sensation, learning and memory, eating and drinking, sleep, sex, emotion, consciousness, communication, and psychological disorders. Prerequisite: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. Research Methods is recommended.

370. Memory
Research and theory about remembering and forgetting. Topics will include: models of memory (including neural network approaches), brain processes in memory, the role of images in memory, reconstructive processes in memory, memory and development, and how to improve memory. Prerequisites: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. (Social Science)

374. Psychology of Women and Gender
Critical examination of theories, research, and historical perspectives relevant to women and gender. Topics include socialization, stereotyping and bias, life choices and roles, nature/nurture questions, physical and mental health, violence against women, and diversity among women and men. This course also counts towards the GSS major. Prerequisites: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. (Social Science)

378. Abnormal Behavioral Neuroscience
This course will examine the relationship between aberrant biological processes and abnormal behavior.  Aberrant biological processes in schizophrenia, major depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, personality disorders, autism spectrum disorders, substance disorders, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder will be examined.  The effect of treatment on aberrant biological markers will be explored. Prerequisites: PSY 161, 292, and 363 (previously 281) (Social Science)

379. Intimate Relationships
An examination of the theoretical and experimental psychological literature on loving and romantic relationships. Topics discussed include: interpersonal attraction, relationship development, sexuality, social power, communication, jealousy and envy, conflict and dissolution, loneliness, social networks, and relationship counseling. There may be a field trip to collect data for an empirical research project. Prerequisite: any 200-level Psychology course. (Social Science)

380. Human Services Practicum (1/2-1)
Application of psychological principles in an applied off-campus setting. Prerequisites: a declared major in Psychology, two course credits in Psychology relevant to the topic of the practicum, and permission of instructor. The maximum credit that may be earned in a Psychology practicum is three course credits. Students must provide their own transportation and purchase professional liability insurance through the American Psychological Association. See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 280/380. (CR)

382. Counseling and Psychotherapy
Major theories of therapy and counseling. Views of practitioners and theorists of various orientations. Prerequisite: any 200-level Psychology course.  Recommended prerequisite: PSY 279. (Social Science)

383. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
Mind and body are inextricably linked, interacting in complex ways to contribute jointly to illness, disease, health, and well-being. Thus, the study of the mind (i.e., Psychology) has been integrated with the study of physical health (i.e., Medicine) to create the closely related fields of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. The purpose of this course is two-fold: 1) to comprehend and integrate psychological and biomedical knowledge in order to better understand health and illness, and 2) to examine social and behavioral aspects that contribute to physical health and well-being. Prerequisites: PSY 161 and any 200-level Psychology course. Research Methods is recommended. (Social Science)

386. Adult Development and Aging
Cognitive, social, and personality development from early through late adulthood. Themes of continuity and change in examining issues of family, work, gender, biological changes, and death and bereavement. Prerequisite: any 200-level Psychology course. Alternate years. (Social Science)

392. Research Methods II
Advanced research design with a focus on factorial designs, mixed factorial designs, advanced quasi-experimental, and qualitative research designs.  Advanced univariate statistical analyses (two-way ANOVA, two-way repeated measures ANOVA, two-way mixed factorial ANOVA, multiple regression, mediation, moderation, and introductory factor analysis).  Execution of all aspects of the research process including a literature search, hypothesis development, data collection, data analysis, and manuscript writing in APA style.  Professional and ethical issues will also be addressed. Prerequisites: PSY 161, PSY 292, STA 201 or STA 347-348. (Social Science)

394. Research Methods
Examination of research designs, statistical tests, and procedures used to establish principles of psychology. Laboratory exercises and research reports written in APA style. (Not offered after the 2015-2016 academic year.) Prerequisites: any 200-level Psychology course, statistics (either STA 201 or 374-348), and Psychology major.  No S/U option. (Social Science)

395. Human Services Practicum and Seminar
Supervised full-time internship in a human service context and a weekly seminar. Group discussions of current issues in the field such as cultural and gender diversity, ethics, professional practice challenges, and the role of research in practice. Students must provide their own transportation and purchase professional liability insurance through the American Psychological Association. Prerequisites: three Psychology courses, declared Psychology major, junior standing, and permission of instructor. No S/U option. (CR)

483. Senior Seminar
Each participant chooses a topic within psychology to be explored through periodic presentations and discussion. A paper critically reviewing research and theorizing on the topic chosen. Group discussions of current issues in the field such as gender and cultural diversity in psychology, the balance between research and clinical practice in professional development, and animal welfare. Prerequisites: PSY 394 and Psychology major with senior standing. No S/U option.

485. Research in Psychology
Reading in depth on a topic in a selected area and the pursuit of an empirical problem related to the topic. May be repeated for credit to a maximum in both PSY 485 and PSY 511 of three course credits.  

511. Extended Research in Psychology (1/4)
Reading in depth on a topic of current interest and the pursuit of an empirical problem related to the topic. Must be taken over four consecutive terms. Maximum number of credits allowed: same as for PSY 485. (CR)

512. Reading and Conversation in Psychology (1/4)
Weekly discussion of articles and topics of interest in psychology. Three meetings per term for four terms, with one or two hours of outside reading in preparation for each discussion. Prerequisite: one college-level course in Psychology. (CR)