327. REVOLUTIONARY POLITICAL THOUGHT
Robert W. Sutherland, Instructor
PRINTING : Click
here for a conveniently printed version of the course outline.
REACHING THE INSTRUCTOR: E-mail
is the best method. Others are slower and less certain. My extension is
4226, but I rarely check voice mail, so if you need to talk with someone
who will get a message to me, call the South Hall Faculty Secretary, Cheryl
Dake, ext. 4283.
CLASS MEETINGS: South Hall 300; see schedule
TEXTS:Multitude by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri (Penguin Books 0-14-303559-2); Burke,
Select Works of Edmund Burke, Vols 1 & 2 (Liberty Fund vol 1: 0-86597-163-3 vol. 2: 086597-165-X). Online texts by Marx & online/photocopied speeches by Castro
STUDY QUESTIONS: 30%
EXAMS--70%, including a mid-term (30%) and a final exam (40%).
OTHER POLICIES--Missed exams & presentations may not be made up; credit
may be reassigned for documented (e.g. Trauma Center Registration Receipt)
emergencies. Both the Final Exam and the Final Paper remain with me for
future reference in revising and improving the course. They can be picked
up at my office immediately after Politics 327 is offered again. Portions
of the Catalogue on adding and dropping courses and portions
of the Compass on dishonesty in academic work are incorporated
here by reference. A discount of 5% will be applied to the grades of late
papers, except for documented emergencies.
GRADING SCALE: A = 1750-2000, A- = 1650-1749, B+ = 1550-1649, B = 1450-1549,
B- = 1350-1449, C+ = 1250-1349, C = 1150-1249, C- = 1050-1149, D+ = 950-1049,
D = 850-949, D- = 750-849, F = 000-749.
The number of points possible on any given exam or paper is the product
of 20 points times the importance measured in percent of the final course
grade. For letter grade equivalents, multiply the percentage times: 18
= A, 17 = A-, 16 = B+, 15 = B, 14 = B-, 13 = C+, 12 = C, 11 = C-, 10 =
D+, 9 = D, 8 = D-.
THOUGHT--Ancient (Aristotle, Locke, Am. Rev.) vs. Modern (Rousseau,
French Rev., Marx & his legacy)
II. MARX--Revolutionary Impulse and the General
Cure of Human Misery by Science & Revolution
A. Misery & its cure in On the
B. Science & the glory of violent action
in The Communist Manifesto
C. Castro and globalization
III. Wisdom of Experience in Balancing
Conservation & Change
A. Burke on the American Revolution
B. Burke on the French Revolution
IV. Multitude: Marx for the 21st Century?
be done before class on the day indicated:
Week I: Day 2-- 9:30: Marx, On
the Jewish Question; 1:30:Marx, The
Week I: Day 3--9:30: Castro, Speeches
on World Health & Revolution, Revolution in the Countryside, U.S.&
4:--9:30: Castro, Speeches on Neo-liberal Globalization#1, #2, the
Press, Democracy, & the "Empire;" "The
Barbaric World Order..." "Cuba's
Achievement and America's Wars"President
Bush at West Point; World
Under the rule of Nazi Concepts & Methods
5-- 9:30:Burke, Thoughts
on the Cause of the Present Discontents . . . .
Week II: Day 6-- 9:30: Burke, Speech
on Moving His Resolutions for Conciliation with the Colonies
7-- 9:30:Burke, Reflections
on the French Revolution, pp. 85-187
8--9:30: Burke, Reflections
on the French Revolution, pp.187-340, 361-365
9 - NOON: MID-TERM EXAMINATION: Essay
10: --9:30: In Class MID-TERM EXAMINATION
Week III--Day 11: Mulitutude, pp. xi-35
12---9:30: Mulitutude, pp. 35-95
13-- 9:30: Mulitutude, pp. 99-157
14-- 9:30: Mulitutude, pp. 158-227
15--9:30: Mulitutude, pp. 231-306
Week IV: Day 16:
Mulitutude, pp. 306-358
Day 17: 5- 8:00 In Class FINAL EXAMINATION
Day 18: Noon: Essay Due
STUDY QUESTIONS ON THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
- What is the class struggle & how is
it related to revolutions in the means of production?
- What is the bourgeoise, its personality,
culture, & the contradictions leading to its demise?
- What is the proletariat, its stages, struggles,
& its vanguard?
- What does Marx think about: communism,
freedom, bourgeois individuality, bourgeois families, historicism &
democracy, differing kinds of socialism & the place of communism
in the political struggle?
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR
- How, in the May 14th speech (Folder 1), does Castro
update the revolutionary impulse by applying it to Cuban experience
and then expanding it to world concerns?
- How, in the June 3rd speech (Folder 2), was the
Revolution accomplished and what achievements of the Revolution
does Castro stress? To what extent is tourism a challenge to socialism
and how does it evoke a revolutionary emphasis on science? How does
Castro address terrorism?
- How, in the June 20th speech (Folder 3), does
Castro's discussion of education set up his attack on the "system?"
Write a paragraph characterizing Castro's use of the term.
- How, in the July 3rd speech (Folder 4), does Castro
link the "system" to "neo-liberal globalization?"
What alternative globalization does Castro propose? How does he
link it to Christianity? Why does Castro initially compare globalized
imperialism to the Bay of Pigs and Vietnam but then use very different
terms to explain it in a larger Caribbean context?
- What, in the August 21st speech (Folder 5), does
Castro mean when he says that "an artificial economy has turned
the world into a large casino . . . ."
- How, in the November 12th speech (Folder 6) , are
press and the state related under socialism and capitalism? How
does Castro enlist "communication" and "communicator"
against the "empire." What will be the "empire's"
fate and how will it be brought about? How does Castro respond to
those worried about democracy in Cuba?
- What features establish the barbarism
of the current world order, according to Castro? (Folder 7)
- What evidence supports the cataclysmic
end of such an order? How will Cuba fare in the aftermath? (Folder 7)
- What purpose is served by the first
half of Castro's 2003 speech and, according to Castro, why is Cuba's
revolutionary destiny a result. (Folder 7)
- What qualities of U.S. leadership and
policy make it neo-fascist? What concern does it provoke about future
U.S. policy towards Cuba and other socialist countries? (Folder 7)
- What disconnection does Castro see
between the Ameican people and the American presidency? How are
the American people excused from responsibility for the facist foreign
policy of their president? How did President George W. Bush gain,
keep and exercise fascist powers? (Folder 7)
- What is the "great new calling"
of the U.S., according to President Bush, and how is it to be fulfilled?
- What is the the threat faced by the
U.S. and why are past national strategies inadequate in meeting
it? What strategy does President Bush offer for the future?
- What does President Bush's speech mean
for Cuba, according to President Castro? How does he respond to
STUDY QUESTIONS ON BURKE
Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents (1770)
- What distinguishes common or general
complaint from the distemper and discontent which Burke addresses?
- What is the Grenville government's
response? Why has the "great object of policy" for that government
- What were the desires of the king
and a faction of the court? By what methods does the faction seek
to prevail as a cabal?
- How does a system of favoritism differ
from a mixed government with discretionary power? How does such
a system differ from a free commonwealth in which Parliament acts
as it should?
- What objection to the importance of
popular support does Burke cite and how does he reply to it? What
is the "grand principle" for the plan of favoritism? Does it serve
the interest which it claims to advance?
- What is the purpose of the House of
Commons and what two symptoms indicates its corruption? What reformation
does Burke seek and how is it to be accomplished?
Speech on Conciliation with the
American Colonies (March 1775)
- What stages does Burke's interest in
America go through (identify at least four) and to what purpose
does he finally dedicate himself?
- What three considerations help to determine
whether Parliament ought to concede? What six sources are especially
relevant to the third?
- What three ways of proceeding does
Parliament confront? Which will not work and why?
- What is left and what six propositions
are likely to accomplish it?
Reflections on the French
- How important is the term "regulated
liberty," used by Burke in the third paragraph? Explain
in a well-developed statement Burke's distinction betweeen such
liberty and the "simple view" of liberty?.What is
its relationship to liberty and power?
- What is Burke's initial estimate
of how important the French Revolution is? Who is Dr. Price
and what does Burke think of his use of the pulpit?
- What three claims do Dr. Price
and the Revolutionary Society advance?
- What considerations provide a
key to Burke's reply to each?
- How does Burke defend the right
to property, especially large accumulations of it?
- How does Burke contrast his understanding
of human "rights" to those who defend the French Revolutionaries?
- What is "the worst of the politics
of revolution"? What "natural feelings" or "sentiments" is Burke
especially concerned to recognize or defend and how does he
- Briefly describe the philosophy
based on "moral imagination" and contrast it to what
Burke calls "barbarous philosophy."
- What does Burke mean when he says
that "religion is the basis of civil society, . . ."
(185) What is the principle of "consecration" and
why is a "perfect democracy . . . the most shameless thing
in the world." (189) Why is consecration important for
English political life generally, for jurisprudence, for understanding
society as a contract.
Reflections on the Revolution,
- What instruction and consolations
does Burke expect to be drawn from consecration? Why are they
important in responding to Marx on human misery? How does Burke
distinguish between the confiscators and the reformers?
- What harm, both direct & indirect,
does Burke see done by the Revolutionary policy on church property
- What groups are the strongest
supporters of the policy and what is their basic purpose? What
considerations lead Burke to advocate reform of the nobility
and clergy as a better policy?
- What are the "causes" of "storms"
in public life, what are the pretexts? How is history perverted,
especially by intellectuals and writers? What is the real reformation
- What is unique about French attempts to reform its Church?
- What is Burke's main concern about Church property, esp. monasteries & other public institutions?
- Why does Burke hold the Revolutionary National Assembly in such contempt?
- Do the executive and judiciary receive any more respect from Burke?
- Why does Burke consider the army to be so important?
- How does rhetorical liberty differ from the effort to form a free government?