121. Astronomy
Development of the current understanding of the origin, evolution, and structure of the universe. Physical principles upon which this understanding is based. Intended for non-science majors. (Science)

123. Acoustics, Music, Audio Systems
Application of elementary physics principles to sound waves and vibrations, including the physics of musical instruments, room acoustics, hearing, harmonic analysis, and electronic production of sound. Intended for non-science majors. Alternate years. (Laboratory Science)

125. Science through Film and Fiction
Scientific topics and issues found in selected novels and feature films are used to investigate the foundations of science and the scientific process. Students will investigate specific scientific concepts and use them as case studies illustrating the historical development of science and the role of science and technology in society. Intended for non-science majors. (Science)

141. Introductory Physics I
Non-calculus treatment of elementary physics covering the topics of mechanics, relativity, and waves. Emphasis on problem-solving. Prerequisite: two years of high school algebra including trigonometry. (Laboratory Science)

142. Introductory Physics II
Continuation of PHY 141 covering electricity, magnetism, and modern physics. Prerequisite: PHY 141. (Laboratory Science)

155-157. Introductory Topics in Physics.

161. General Physics I
Introduction to physics intended for physical science majors. Topics include Newton's laws of motion, concepts of work and energy, rotational motion, and conservation laws. Prerequisite: MAT 120 or 121. (Science)

162. General Physics II
Continuation of PHY 161. Topics include relativity and electricity and magnetism. Prerequisite: PHY 111 or 161. (Science)

255-259. Topics in Physics
Study of a selected topic in physics, such as cosmology, special relativity, light and color, and physics of sports.

263. Laboratory Physics
A laboratory experience designed to complement either of the introductory physics sequences. Techniques of experimental measurement and analysis, with experiments drawn from all areas of introductory physics. Prerequisite: PHY 102, 112, 142, or 162. (CR) (Laboratory Science)

280/380. Internship: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 280/380.

290/390. Individual Project: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 290/390.

302. Electronics
Principles of electronics, signal processing, and computer interfacing needed to understand, configure, and troubleshoot modern electronic and computer-based research equipment. Transducers, operational amplifiers, test equipment, integrated circuits, data transmission, computerized data acquisition, and analog to digital conversion. Same course as CSC 302. Prerequisite: PHY 102, 112,142, or 162. (Laboratory Science)

303. Modern Physics
Topics include thermodynamics, special relativity, photons, deBroglie waves, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, the Schrödinger equation, atomic and nuclear physics, high-energy particles, and quarks. Prerequisites: MAT 122; either PHY 112 or 162, and either PHY 114 or 263.

305. Waves
Study of physical wave phenomena, especially optical and mechanical waves. Topics include superposition, reflection, refraction, dispersion, interference, diffraction, polarization phenomena, and the wave equation. Prerequisites: MAT 122; either PHY 112 or 162, and either PHY 114 or 263. Alternate years.

312. Advanced Experimental Physics
An in-depth investigation of a physics experiment chosen by the student in consultation with the instructor. Includes design, construction, collection of data, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of the experiment. Prerequisite: PHY 302 or 303, and one other 300-level Physics course.

315. Astrophysics
The astrophysics of stars and stellar systems with an emphasis on the physical principles underlying the observed phenomena. Topics include the techniques of astronomy, structure and evolution of stars, binary stars, star clusters, and end states of stars such as white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Prerequisite: PHY 303. Alternate years.

321. Mechanics
Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian mechanics covering the motion of single particles, rigid bodies, systems of particles, fluid mechanics, and complex analysis. Prerequisites: MAT 221; either PHY 112 or 162, and either PHY 114 or 263. Alternate years.

322. Electricity and Magnetism
Electric and magnetic fields and their sources, magnetic and dielectric materials, and Maxwell's equations. Prerequisites: MAT 122; either PHY 112 or 162, and either PHY 114 or 263. Alternate years.

334. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Development of the Schrödinger wave equation and its solution for the harmonic oscillator and Coulomb potentials. Orbital and spin angular momenta, and applications to simple atomic and molecular systems. Prerequisites: MAT 221; PHY 303, and either PHY 305 or 321. Alternate years.

355-359. Advanced Topics in Physics
Study of a selected topic in advanced physics, such as general relativity, thermodynamics, advanced mechanics, chaos, particle physics, or condensed matter.

501. Advanced Laboratory (1/4)
Experiments of an advanced character, permitting the student to work relatively independently. Must be taken over four consecutive terms. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (CR)

511. Extended Research in Physics (1/4)
Reading in depth on a topic of current interest and the pursuit of an experimental or theoretical problem related to the topic. Must be taken over four consecutive terms. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (CR)

963. Oak Ridge Science Semestersee Cornell-Approved Domestic Off-Campus Programs.