109. Ethics and Climate Change (FYS)
The threat of climate change raises urgent questions about what we ought to do—i.e., questions about morality. We will spend some time considering climate science and questions raised by controversy about that science.  What should we believe about the claim that human activity is threatening the climatic stability of our planet given apparent disagreement about the truth of that hypothesis. We will also spend time considering the moral challenges the risk of climate change generates:  what is the nature of our obligations to prevent harm to people distant in space and in time; what responsibilities do nations of the industrialized world have to respond to threats generated by climate change; what does it make sense for such nations to do given the uncertainty of some outcomes of climate change; what should we, as individual citizens of such nations, be doing?  We will read material of all sorts about these questions—we’ll look at scientific reports, economic analyses, and philosophical/ethical arguments, for example—and talk and write about what we make of the issues. Seminar for first year students only. (First Year Seminar)

111. Introduction to Philosophy
Problems of philosophy as they are discussed in the writings of major philosophers, including such topics as the nature of reality, problems with knowledge, morality, and the rationality of religious belief. Designed for first year students and sophomores. (Humanities)

202. Ethics
The nature of moral experience, moral judgments, and moral principles, and the relation of each to the other. Course may consider applications to contemporary moral problems. Readings from some major ancient, modern, and contemporary moral philosophers. (Humanities)

203. Logic and Critical Thinking
Principles and techniques useful for evaluating arguments and avoiding fallacious reasoning in ordinary life.  

204. Symbolic Logic
An introduction to formal argument analysis, including first order predicate logic and mathematical logic. Offered upon request and subject to availability of faculty.

224. Environmental Ethics
Moral dilemmas associated with human populations, industrial productivity, a deteriorating environment, and generally, our treatment of the natural world. Alternate years. (Humanities)

225. Utopia
Philosophical study of selected works in Utopian literature such as: Plato's Republic, More's Utopia, Perkins-Gilman's Herland, Hilton's Lost Horizon, Rand's Anthem, Clarke's Childhood's End, and Lowry's The Giver. (Humanities)

261-266. Topics in Philosophy
See Topics Courses. (Humanities)

280/380. Internship
: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 280/380.

290/390. Individual Project: See Additional Academic Programs, All-College Independent Study Courses 290/390.

301. Asian Philosophy
Study of Eastern philosophies such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism through their classic texts. Examination of the nature of reality and the self, and how humans ought to live while analyzing such issues in a broader philosophical context. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

302. Ancient Philosophy
Advanced study of the beginning of Western thought on topics such as the foundation of philosophical and scientific inquiry, the basis of reality, the nature of the human being and how humans ought to live socially, politically and ethically. In-depth analysis of the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

304. Modern Philosophy: Seventeenth Century
Critical and historical examination of the modern period of philosophy starting with the background to the Scientific Revolution and ending with advanced theories on the nature of reality achieved by a careful analysis of such philosophers as Galileo, Newton, Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke and Berkeley. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

305. Modern Philosophy: Eighteenth Century
European philosophy from 1700 to 1800. Study of the philosophers of the middle of the modern era such as Hume, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Kant. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

306. Modern Philosophy: Nineteenth Century
European philosophy from 1800 to 1900. Study of the philosophers of the late modern era such as Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Mill, Marx, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

307. Marx and Marxism
Primary emphasis on reading a comprehensive and balanced selection of the writings of Karl Marx. Reading will include some leading Marxists such as Lenin, Mao Zedong, and Marcuse. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

308. Twentieth Century Philosophy
Study of philosophers such as Wittgenstein, Russell, Dewey, Heidegger, Foucault, and Rorty. Analytic philosophy, pragmatism, and continental philosophy, including postmodernism, will be examined. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Offered every second or third year. (Humanities)

309. Existentialism
Reflections on death, the meaning of life, absurdity, alienation, despair, freedom, and the self. Study of selected works of Simone De Beauvoir, Albert Camus, and Jean Paul Sartre. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

352. Philosophy of Feminism
Exploration of philosophical theories on the nature of women, feminist critiques of Western philosophy, and current issues in feminist ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics with application to social debates such as pornography, body image, and discrimination. This course also counts towards the GSS major. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

353. Philosophy of Law
Inquiry into the nature of law, and its relation to morality and society through both classical and contemporary legal theories. Specific issues covered include liberty, justice, responsibility, and punishment employing actual legal cases. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

354. Political Philosophy
Intensive study of the work of a major political philosopher, such as A Theory of Justice by John Rawls or Plato's The Laws. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Offered every third year. (Humanities)

355. Philosophy of Religion
Philosophical examination of the major concepts and claims of the Western religious tradition. Topics to be discussed include the nature and existence of God, the problem of evil, the nature of religious language, the relation between faith and reason, the possibility of religious knowledge. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

356. Philosophy of Science
Examination of science as a source of information about the world. Topics include the structure of scientific confirmation and explanation, the nature of scientific knowledge and progress, the difference between science and pseudo-science, and the moral evaluation of science. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

357. Philosophy in Literature
Philosophical study of selected works of world literature by authors such as Mishima, De Beauvoir, Calvino, Clark, and Rand. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

358. Philosophy of Mind
Theories about the mind and mental phenomena: the relationship between minds and brains; consciousness; free will; artificial intelligence; and the philosophy of psychology. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Alternate years. (Humanities)

360. Evolution and Philosophy
An examination of the theory of evolution--what it says, what support it has, what it can (and cannot) explain–in order to see what (if any) implications it has for religion, morality, philosophy, and the understanding we have of ourselves and our world. Alternate years. (Humanities)

361-366. Advanced Topics in Philosophy
See Topics Courses. (Humanities)

485. Senior Seminar in Philosophy
Senior Seminar in Philosophy: Advanced focus on an issue or movement or problem in philosophy, or on a particular philosopher. Prerequisites: at least three 300-level course in Philosophy, a major in Philosophy, and senior standing or permission of the department.