In 1965, civil rights advocates were mercilessly beaten by state troopers on the Edmund Pettus Bridge. This attack is also known as Bloody Sunday. This famous march of around 600 protestors who marched from Selma to Montgomery rocked the nation as it was publicly known that the beatings had take place. The march and the beatings had a huge influence on the Voting Rights Act which passed later on that year. The Voting Rights Act was created to help rise above legal obstacles put in place to make it difficult, if not impossible, for African Americans to vote. These restrictions were created after the Fifteenth Amendment was passed in 1870 which guaranteed everyone the right to vote. Fifteen Cornell Students traveled to Montgomery to help organize the end of the march.