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Love and Sexuality in Greece and Rome

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General Works and Collections about Women and Sexuality in ancient Greece and Rome (consult these works for background information on particular topics; see the author-specific sections below for chapters and articles for summary and response papers)

Items followed by an asterisk * are on reserve

Sue Blundell. Women in Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Harvard, 1995. Good introduction to women in the archaic and classical periods.

Clarke, John R. Looking at Lovemaking: Constructions of Sexuality in Roman Art, 100 B.C.-A.D. 250. Berkeley: California, 1998.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman Family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1992.

Dover, K.J. Greek Homosexuality. Vintage 1980.

Fantham, Elaine, et al. Women in the Classical World: Image and Text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Good introduction to women's lives in ancient Greece and Rome.

Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality. 4 vol. Trans. R. Hurley. Pantheon 1978.

Gardner, Jane F. Women in Roman Law and Society. Bloomington: Indiana, 1986.

Hallett, Judith P., and Marilyn B. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton: Princeton, 1997.*

Halperin, David, et al. Before Sexuality: Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton, 1990.*

Halperin, David. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Hubbard, Thomas K. Homosexuality in Greece and Rome: A Sourcebook of Basic Documents. Berkeley: California, 2003.

Kampen, Natalie Boymel. Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1996.*

Kolowski-Ostrow, Ann Olga, and Claire Lyons, eds. Naked Truths: Women, Sexuality, and Gender in Classical Art and Archaeology. London: Routledge, 1997.

Lefkowitz, Mary R., and Maureen B. Fant, eds. Women's Life in Greece and Rome. A Sourcebook in Translation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1982.

Lewis, C.S. The Four Loves. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1960.

Pomeroy, Sarah. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves. New York: Schocken, 1975. The first comprehensive look at women's lives in ancient Greece and Rome written by a feminist.

Rabinowitz, Nancy Sorkin, and Lisa Auanger, eds. Among Women: From the Homosocial to the Homoerotic in the Ancient World. Austin: Texas, 2002.*

Rayor, Diane J., trans. Sappho's Lyre: Archaic Lyric and Women Poets of Ancient Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Richlin, Amy, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.*

Richlin, Amy. The Garden of Priapus: Sexuality and Agression in Roman Humor. Rev. Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Skinner, Marilyn. Sexuality in Greek and Roman Culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.* An excellent book that is designed to introduce readers to most of the issues of this course.

Snyder, Jane McIntosh. The Woman and the Lyre. Southern Illinois University Press, 1989. Survey of women writers in the ancient world.

Williams, Craig. Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford, 1999.

Winkler, John. The Constraints of Desire: The Anthropology of sex and gender in Ancient Greece. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Plato

Carnes, Jeffrey S. "This Myth Which is Not One: Construction of Discourse in Plato's Symposium." In Rethinking Sexuality. Princeton University Press, 1998.

Dover, Kenneth, ed. Plato. Symposium. Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Edmonds, Radcliffe G., III. "Socrates the Beautiful: Role Reversal and Midwifery in Plato's Symposium" Transactions of the American Philological Association 130 (2000) 261-285

Ferrari, G. R. F. "Platonic Love." In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. ed. by Richard Kraut. Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Guthrie, W. K. C. "The Symposium." In A History of Greek Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1975. Vol. 4: 365-95. A straightforward introduction to the dialogue.

Halperin, David. "Why is Diotima a Woman?" In One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. Routledge, 1990. Rpt. in Halperin, David, et al. Before Sexuality: Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton, 1990.*

Hawthorne, Susan. "Diotima speaks through the body." In Bat-Ami Bar On, ed. Engendering Origins: Critical Feminist Readings in Plato and Aristotle. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

Pierce, Christine. "Eros and Epistemology." In Bat-Ami Bar On, ed. Engendering Origins: Critical Feminist Readings in Plato and Aristotle. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

The Symposium and the Athenian Construction of (homo)Sexuality

Cohen, Ada. "Portrayals of Abduction in Greek Art: Rape or Metaphor?" In Natalie Boymel Kampen, ed. Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1996. 117-35. *

Dover, Kenneth. "Classical Greek Attitudes to Sexual Behavior." Arethusa 6 (1973) 59-73. Rpt. in John Peradotto and J. P. Sullivan, eds. Women in the Ancient World: The Arethusa Papers. Albany: SUNY, 1984.*

Frontisi-Ducroux, Francoise. "Eros, Desire, and the Gaze." In Natalie Boymel Kampen, ed. Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1996. 81-100. *

Glazebrook, Allison. "Porneion: Prostitution in Athenian Civic Space." Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE-200 CE. Ed. A. Glazebrook and M. Henry. Madison: Wisconsin, 2011. 34-59.

Kurke, Leslie. "Inventing the Hetaira: Sex, Politics, and Discursive Conflict in Archaic Greece." Classical Antiquity 16.1 (1997) 106-55.

Osborne, Robin. "Desiring Women on Athenian Pottery." In Natalie Boymel Kampen, ed. Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1996. 65-80.*

Rabinowitz, Nancy Sorkin. "Excavating Women's Homoeroticism in ancient Greece: The Evidence from Attic Vase Painting." In N. S. Rabinowitz and Lisa Auanger, eds., Among Women. Austin: Texas, 2002. 106-66.*

Shapiro, Alan. "Eros in Love: Pederasty and Pornography in Greece." In Amy Richlin, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. 53-72.*

Skinner, Marilyn. "Late Archaic Athens: More than Meets the Eye." In Sexuality in Greek and Roman Culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005. 79-111; 2nd ed. 101-138.

Skinner, Marilyn. "Classical Athens: The Politics of Sex." In Sexuality in Greek and Roman Culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005. 112-47; 2nd ed. 139-83.

Sutton, Robert F. "Pornography and Persuasion on Attic Pottery." In Amy Richlin, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. 3-36.*

Winkler, John. "Laying Down the Law: The Oversight of Men's Sexual Behavior in Classical Athens." In David Halperin, et al. Before Sexuality: Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton, 1990. 171-210.* Rpt. in Constraints of Desire. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Sappho

Burnett, Anne Pippin. Three Archaic Poets: Archilochus, Alcaeus, Sappho. Harvard 1983. Esp. the chapters entitled "Desire" and "Memory."

Clark, Christina. "The Body of Desire: Nonverbal Communication in Sappho 31 V." Syllecta Classica 12 (2001) 1-32.

DuBois, Page. Sappho is Burning. Chicago, 1995.

Greene, Ellen. "Apostrophe and Women's Erotics in the Poetry of Sappho." Transactions of the American Philological Association 124 (1994) 41-56.

Greene, Ellen. "Sappho, Foucault, and Women's Erotics." Arethusa 29 (1996) 1-14.

Hallett, Judith P. "Sappho and her Social Context: Sense and Sensuality." Signs 4 (1979) 447-464.

Lardinios, Andre. "Subject and Circumstance in Sappho's Poetry." Transactions of the American Philological Association 124 (1994) 57-84.

Lidov, Joel B. "The Second Stanza of Sappho 31: Another Look." American Journal of Philology 114.4 (1993) 503-.

Parker, Holt. "Sappho Schoolmistress." Transactions of the American Philological Association 123 (1993) 309-51.

Rosenmeyer, P.A. "Her Master's Voice: Sappho's Dialogue with Homer." Materiali e Discussioni per l'analisi dei testi classici 39 (1997) 123-149.

Skinner, Marilyn. "Women and Language in Archaic Greece, or Why is Sappho a Woman?" In Feminist Theory and the Classics. Edd. N.S. Rabinowitz and A. Richlin. New York and London: Routledge, 1993. 125-44.

Snyder, Jane McIntosh. Lesbian Desire in the Lyrics of Sappho. New York: Columbia, 1997. Pick a chapter.

Snyder, Jane McIntosh. "Sappho in Attic Vase Painting." In Ann Olga Kolowski-Ostrow, and Claire Lyons, eds. Naked Truths: Women, Sexuality, and Gender in Classical Art and Archaeology. London: Routledge, 1997. 108-19.

Stigers (Stehle), Eva. "Sappho's Private World." Women's Studies 8 (1981) 219-45. Rpt. in Reflections of Women in Antiquity. Ed. H. Foley. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1981. 45-62.

Stehle, Eva. "Sappho's Gaze: Fantasies of a Goddess and a Young Man." differences 2 (1990) 88-125.

Stehle, Eva. "Sappho's Circle." In Performance and Gender in Ancient Greece. Princeton, 1997. Chapter 6.

Thomas, Bridget M. "The Rhetoric of Prayer in Sappho's 'Hymn to Aphrodite'." Helios 26.1 (1999) 3-10.

Winkler, John. "Double Consciousness in Sappho's Lyrics." In The Constraints of Desire. The Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Ancient Greece. New York, London: Routledge, 1990. 162-87.

The Sapphic Tradition

Blank, Paula. "Comparing Sappho to Philaenis: John Donne's `homopoetics'." PMLA 110 (1995) 358-68.

Bowman, Laurel. "Nossis, Sappho and Hellenistic Poetry." Ramus 27.1 (1998) 39-59.

Gordon, Pamela. "The Lover's Voice in Heroides 15: Or Why is Sappho a Man?" in J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

Greene, Ellen. "Re-Figuring the Feminine Voice: Catullus Translating Sappho." Arethusa 32.1 (1999)1-18.

Gubar, Susan. "Sapphistries." Signs 10 (1984) 43-62.

Gutzwiller, Kathryn. "Nossis." In Poetic Garlands: Hellenistic Epigrams in Context. Berkeley: California, 1998. 74-88.

Miller, Paul Allen "Sappho 31 and Catullus 51: The Dialogism of Lyric." Arethusa 26.2 (1993) 183.

Rich, Adrienne. "Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence." In Blood, Bread, and Poetry. New York: Norton, 1986. 23-75.

Skinner, Marilyn. "Nossis Thelyglossos: The Private Text and the Public Book." In Sarah B. Pomeroy, ed. Women's History and Ancient History. University of North Carolina Press, 1991. Rpt. in E. Greene, ed. Women Poets in Ancient Greece and Rome. Norman: Oklahoma, 2005. 112-38.

Skinner, Marilyn. "Sapphic Nossis." Arethusa 22 (1989) 5-18.

Prins, Yopie. Victorian Sappho. Princeton: Princeton, 1999.

Louise Labé

Boney, Jan. Reading Pairs: The Difference Gender Makes in French Renaissance Poetry. Diss. Columbia, 1995.

DeJean, Joan. "Preliminaries: The Sapphic Renaissance (1546-1573)." In Fictions of Sappho, 1546-1937. Chicago, 1989. 29-42.

Jones, Ann Rosalind. "City Women and Their Audiences: Louise Labé and Veronica Franco." In Margaret W. Ferguson, et al., eds. Rewriting the Renaissance. University of Chicago Press, 1986. Rev. in The Currency of Eros: Women's Love Lyric in Europe, 1540-1620. Bloomington: Indiana, 1990. 155-78.

Moore, Mary B. "Eating Desire and Embracing Error: Louise Labé and the Spectacle of Sappho." Desiring Voices: Women Sonneteers and Petrarchism. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000. 94-124.

Read, Kirk D. "Louise Labé in Search of Time Past: Prefatory Strategies and Rhetorical Transformations." Critical Matrix: The Princeton Journal of Women, Gender, and Culture 5 (1990) 63-88.

Rigolot, Francois. "Gender vs. Sex Difference in Louise Labé's Grammar of Love." In Margaret W. Ferguson, et al., eds. Rewriting the Renaissance. University of Chicago Press, 1986.

The Construction of Roman Sexuality

Auanger, Lisa. "Glimpses through a Window: An Approach to Roman Female Homoeroticism through Art Historical and Literary Evidence." In N. S. Rabinowitz and Lisa Auanger, eds., Among Women. Austin: Texas, 2002. 211-55.*

Bergmann, Bettina. "The Pregnant Moment: Tragic Wives in the Roman Interior." In Natalie Boymel Kampen, ed. Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1996. 199-218.*

Clarke, John R. "Look Who's Laughing at Sex: Men and Women Viewers in the Apodyterium of the Suburban Baths at Pompeii." In D. Fredrick, ed., The Roman Gaze. Johns Hopkins, 2002. 149-82.

Edwards, Catherine. "Unspeakable Professions: Public Performance and Prostitution in Ancient Rome." In J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997. 66-95.*

Hallett, Judith P. "Female Homoeroticism and the Denial of Roman Reality in Latin Literature." Yale Journal of Criticism 3 (1989) 209-227; repr. in J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

Levin-Richardson, Sarah. "Facilis hic futuit: Graffiti and Masculinity in Pompeii's 'Purpose-Built' Brothel." Helios 38.1 (2011) 59-78.

Myerowitz, Molly. "The Domestication of Desire: Ovid's Parva Tabella and the Theater of Love." In Amy Richlin, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. 131-57.*

Ormand, Kirk. "Impossible Lesbians in Ovid's Metamorphoses." In R. Ancona and E. Greene, eds., Gendered Dynamics in Latin Love Poetry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2005. 79-110.*

Parker, Holt. "The Teratogenic Grid." In J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds., Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997. 47-65.*

Walters, Jonathan. "Invading the Roman Body: Manliness and Impenetrability in Roman Thought." In J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997. 29-43.*

Zajko, Vanda. "'Listening With' Ovid: Intersexuality, Queer Theory, and the Myth of Hermaphroditus and Salmacis." Helios 36.2 (2009) 175-202.

Catullus

Batstone, William W. "Dry Pumice and the Programmatic Language of Catullus 1." Classical Philology 93.2 (1998) 125

Fitzgerald, William. "Catullus and the Reader: The Erotics of Poetry." Arethusa 25 (1992) 419-443. Rev. in Catullan Provocations: Lyric Poetry and the Drama of Position. Berkeley: California, 1995.

Gaiser, Julia Haig. "Threads in the Labyrinth: Competing Views and Voices in Catullus 64." American Journal of Philology 116 (1995) 579-616.

Gold, Barbara. "`But Ariadne Was Never There in the First Place': Finding the Female in Roman Poetry." In Feminist Theory and the Classics. Edd. N.S. Rabinowitz and A. Richlin. New York and London: Routledge, 1993. 75-101.*

Greene, Ellen. "The Catullan Ego: Fragmentation and the Erotic Self." American Journal of Philology 116 (1995) 77-93.

Lyne, R.O.A.M. The Latin Love Poets from Catullus to Horace. Oxford 1980. Introduction to Roman love poets.

Miller, Paul Allen. "Reading Catullus, thinking Differently." Helios 27.1 (2000) 33-52.

Platter, Charles L. "Officium in Catullus and Properitus: A Foucauldian Reading." Classical Philology 90.3 (1995) 211.

Quinn, Kenneth. The Catullan Revolution. Melbourne 1959.

-----. Catullus: An Interpretation. London: Batsford, 1972.

-----. Catullus, The Poems: Edited with Introduction, Revised Text, and Commentary. 2nd Ed. St. Martin's, 1973. Besides helpful commentary on individual poems, bibliography listed for each poem.

-----, ed. Approaches to Catullus. Barnes and Noble, 1972.

Pedrick, Victoria. "The Abusive Address and the Audience in Catullan Poems." Helios 20 (1993) 173-96.

Skinner, Marilyn. "Ego Mulier: The Construction of Male Sexuality in Catullus." Helios 20 (1993) 107-30; repr. in J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

Wiseman, T.P. Catullan Questions. Leicester 1969.

-----. Catullus and His World. Cambridge 1985.

Propertius

Butrica, James L. "The Amores of Propertius: Unity and Structure in Books 2-4." Illinios Classical Studies 21 (1996) 87-158.

Camps, W.A., ed. Propertius. Elegies: Book IV. 1965. Salem: Ayer, 1988. Line-by-line commentary.

Debrohun, Jeri Blair. "Redressing Elegy's Puella: Propertius IV and the Rhetoric of Fashion." Journal of Roman Studies 84 (1994) 41.

Fear, Trevor. "Propertian Closure: The Elegiac Inscription of the Liminal Male and Ideological Contestation in Augustan Rome." In R. Ancona and E. Greene, eds., Gendered Dynamics in Latin Love Poetry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2005. 13-40.*

Fear, Trevor. "The Poet as Pimp: Elegiac Seduction in the Time of Augustus." Arethusa 33.2 (2000) 217-40.

Flaschenriem, Barbara L. "Speaking of Women: 'Female Voice' in Propertius." Helios 25.1 (1998) 49-64.

Fredrick, David. "Reading Broken Skin: Violence in Roman Elegy." In J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

Gale, Monica R. "Propertius 2.7: Militia Amoris and the Ironies of Elegy." Journal of Roman Studies 87 (1997) 77-91.

Greene, Ellen. "Elegiac Women: Fantasy, Materia and Male Desire in Propertius 1.3 and 1.11." American Journal of Philology 116 (1995) 303-18.

Greene, Ellen. "Gender Identity and the Elegiac Hero in Propertius 2.1." Arethusa 33.2 (2000) 241-62.

Hallett, Judith P. "The Role of Women in Roman Elegy: Counter-Cultural Feminism." Arethusa 6 (1973) 103-125. Rpt. in Peradotto and Sullivan, Women in the Ancient World.*

Kennedy, Duncan. The Arts of Love: Five Studies in the Discourse of Roman Love Elegy. Cambridge, 1993.

King, Joy. "Propertius' Programmatic Poetry and the Unity of the Monobiblos." Classical Journal 71 (1975-76) 108-124.

Lyne, R.O.A.M. "Love and Death: Laodamia and Protesilaus in Catullus, Propertius, and others." Classical Quarterly 48.1 (1998) 200-212.

McCoskey, Denise E. "Reading Cynthia and Sexual Difference in the Poems of Propertius." Ramus 28.1 (1999) 16-39.

Olliensis, Ellen. "The Erotics of amicitia: Readings in Tibullus, Propertius, and Horace." In J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

O'Neill, Kerrill. "The Lover's Gaze and Cynthia's Glance." In R. Ancona and E. Greene, eds., Gendered Dynamics in Latin Love Poetry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2005. 243-68.*

Richardson, L., Jr., ed. Propertius. Elegies I-IV. Norman: Oklahoma, 1977. Line-by-line commentary.

Rothwell, Kenneth S. Jr. "Propertius on the Site of Rome." Latomus 55.4 (1996) 829-854.

Sharrock, Alison. "Constructing Characters in Propertius." Arethusa 33.2 (2000) 263-84

Sullivan, J.P. Critical Essays on Roman Literature: Elegy and Lyric. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1962.

Welch, Tara S. "Amor versus Roma: Gender and Landscape in Propertius 4.4." In R. Ancona and E. Greene, eds., Gendered Dynamics in Latin Love Poetry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2005. 296-317.*

Wyke, Maria. "Written Women: Propertius' Scripta Puella." Journal of Roman Studies 77 (1987) 47-61.

Wyke, Maria. "Mistress and Metaphor in Augustan Elegy." Helios 16 (1989) 25-48. Rpt. in Laura McClure, ed., Sexuality and Gender in the Classical World. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.*

Sulpicia

Currie, H. Macl. "The Poems of Sulpicia." Aufstieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt 2.30.3 (198 ) 1751-64.

Flaschenriem, Barbara L. "Sulpicia and the Rhetoric of Disclosure" Classical Philology 94.1 (1999) 36-54.

Hinds, Stephen. "The Poetess and the Reader: Further Steps towards Sulpicia." Hermathena 143 (1987) 29-46.

Hubbard, Thomas K. "The Invention of Sulpicia" Classical Journal 100.2 (2005) 177-194.

Keith, Alison. "Tandem venit amor: A Roman Woman Speaks of Love." in J. Hallett and M. Skinner, eds. Roman Sexualities. Princeton 1997.*

Milnor, Kristina "Sulpicia's (Corpo)reality: Elegy, Authorship, and the Body in [Tibullus] 3.13" Classical Antiquity 21.2 (2002) 259-282.

Parker, Holt. "Sulpicia, the auctor de Sulpicia, and the Authorship of 3.9 and 3.11 of the Corpus Tibullianum." Helios 21 (1994) 39-62.

Santirocco, Matthew S. "Sulpicia Reconsidered." Classical Journal 74 (1979) 229-239.

Gaspara Stampa

Bassanese, Fiora A. Gaspara Stampa. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1982.

-------. "Male Canon/Female Poet: The Petrarchism of Gaspara Stampa." In Antonio Toscano, ed. Interpreting the Italian Renaissance: Literary Perspectives. Stony Brook, NY: Forum Italicum, 1991.

Phillipy, Patricia Berrahou. "Gaspara Stampa's Rime d'amore: Replication and Retraction." In Phillipy. Love's Remedies: Recantation and Renaissance Lyric Poetry. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press.

Apollonius of Rhodes

Beye, Charles Rowan. Epic and Romance in the Argonautica of Apollonius. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1982. (esp. Chs. 5 or 6)

Clare, R.J. "Catullus 64 and the Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius: allusion and exemplarity." Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 42 (1996) 60-88.

Clauss, James J. "Conquest of the Mephistophelian Nausicaa: Medea's Role in Apollonius' Redefinition of the Epic Hero." In James J. Clauss and Sarah Iles Johnston, eds. Medea: Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosophy, and Art. Princeton: Princeton, 1997.

Duncan, Anne. "Spellbinding Performance: Poet as Witch in Theocritus' Second Idyll and Apollonius' Argonautica." Helios 28.1 (2001) 43-56.

Holmberg, Ingrid E. "Metis and Gender in Apollonius Rhodius' Argonautica." Transactions of the American Philological Association 128 (1998) 135.

Kahane, Ahuvia. "Callimachus, Apollonius, and the Poetics of Mud." Transactions of the American Philological Association 124 (1994) 121-134.

Kouremenos, Theokritos. "Herakles, Jason, and 'Programmatic' Similes in Apollonius Rhodius' Argonautica." Rheinisches Museum fur Philologie 139.3/4 (1996) 436-479.

Papadopoulou, Thalia. "The Presentation of the Inner Self: Euripides' Medea 1021-55 and Apollonius Rhodius' Argonautica 3, 772-801." Mnemosyne 50.6 (1997) 641-664.

Chariton

Alvares, Jean. "Chariton's Erotic History." American Journal of Philology 118.4 (1997) 613-629.

Alvares, Jean. "Some Political and Ideological Dimensions of Chariton's Chaireas and Callirhoe." Classical Journal 97.2 (2002) 113-144.

Balot, Ryan K. "Foucault, Chariton, and the Masculine Self." Helios 25.2 (1998) 139-62

Cueva, Edmund P. "The Date of Chariton's Chaereas and Callirhoe Revisited." Classica et Mediaevalia 51 (2000) 197-208.

Cueva, Edmund P. "Plutarch's Ariadne in Chariton's Chaereas and Callirohe." American Journal of Philology 117.3 (1996) 473.

Edwards, Douglas R. "Defining the Web of Power in Asia Minor: The Novelist Chariton and His City Aphrodisias." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 62 (1994) 699-718.

Egger, B. "The Role of Women in the Greek Novel: Woman as Heroine and Reader." In S. Swain, ed. Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel. Oxford 1999. 108-36.*

Elsom, Helen E. "Callirhoe: Displaying the Phallic Woman." In Amy Richlin, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford, 1992.*

Goldhill, Simon. Foucault's Virginity: Ancient Erotic fiction and the History of Sexuality. Cambridge, 1995.

Hagg, Thomas. The Novel in Antiquity. Berkeley: California, 1983.

Haynes, Katherine. Fashioning the Feminine in the Greek Novel. London: Routledge, 2003.

Konstan, David. Sexual Symmetry: Love in the Ancient Novel and Related Genres. Princeton, 1994.

Konstan, David. "Love in the Greek Novel." differences 2 (1990) 186-205.

Lateiner, Donald. "Blushes and Pallors in Ancient Fictions." Helios 25.2 (1998) 163-89.

Montague, Holly. "Sweet and Pleasant Passion: Female and Male Fantasy in Ancient Roman Novels." In Amy Richlin, ed. Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. New York: Oxford, 1992.*

Parker, Holt. "Love's Body Anatomized: The Ancient Erotic Handbooks and the Rhetoric of Sexuality." In Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. Ed. A. Richlin. New York: Oxford, 1992. 90-111.*

Reardon, B. P. "Theme, Structure, and Narrative in Chariton." In S. Swain, ed. Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel. Oxford 1999. 163-88.*

Reardon, B.P., ed. Collected Ancient Greek Novels. U. of California, 1989.

Toohey, Peter. "Dangerous Ways to Fall in Love: Chariton I 1,5-10 and VI 9,4." Maia 51.2 (1999) 259-276.

Trzaskoma, Stephen M. "Chariton and Tragedy: Reconsiderations and New Evidence" American Journal of Philology 131.2 (2010) 219-231.

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