Date: Wed, 2 Feb 1994 14:38:49 -0400
Mnemonic Devices for Learning Latin
Folks on the list may be interested in having a somewhat systematized compilation of the mnemonic devices suggested over the last few weeks. J. Helm
1. The conjugations' thematic vowels in the subjunctivewE bEAt A lIAr. [We beat a liar]
clEm EAts clAms in sIAm.
2. Vowels in the FutureConjugations One and Two, in the future Bo Bi Bu;
Conjugations Four and Three, in the future A then E.
3. Present imperatives without "e":Dic, duc, fac and fer should have an "e" but it isn't there. Bruce Macbain.
Dic the duc has fer and it's a fac! Anne Mackay
Dic the duc has fer on his fac. Philippa Matheson
II. Nouns, adjectives
1. Feminine nouns of the fourth declensionDomus, "house", and manus, "hand", feminine will always stand.
2. Genders in the third declension
a. First the natural gender rule (words which denote men are masculine,
[Native speakers themselves sometimes could not always agree on the gender of a word (pulvis and pumex come to mind), and that there are ancient (as in Pliny the Elder) and early medieval treatises called 'De dubiis nominibus'. (Pliny's is not extant.)] Ed Menes
3. Liquid stems (-l & -r) in the third declension(to the tune of *Farmer in the Dell*):
"Blank, -is, -i, -em and -e,
Blank, -is, -i, -em and -e,
-Es, -um, -ibus and -es, ibus,
Blank, -is, -i, -em and -e."
4. i-stem Adjectives forming their genitive with -ius and dative with -i (acronym= "unus nauta"):Unus Nullus Ullus Solus - Neuter Alter Uter Totus Alius.
Patricia Johnston, Traditio, > John Gruber-Miller
or (less complete): "Some Uncles' Umbrellas Are All Too Nice."
--> solus, unus, ullus, alter, alius, totus, nullus.
5. NemoFor NEMO never let me say NEMINIS or NEMINE. Robert Todd
1. SubjunctiveTantum, quantum, licet, cum take the subjunctive, boom, boom, BOOM.
2. Names of subjunctivesa. hortatory = the "salad subjunctive" ("let us" eat cake)
b. jussive = the "Marie Antoinette subjunctive" ("let them" eat cake)
3. Dum with the subjunctive"These words in feeble minds instill: / dum with subjunctive means 'until'"
Agnes Michels > Mary Pendergraft > Rob Ulery
4. Si, nisi, num, neAfter si, nisi, num and ne, "ali-" takes a holiday (or ... all the alis go away).
5. On the exclusive use of aut"aut...aut: throw one out; vel...vel: what the hell."
6. Prepositions that take the ablative
SID SPACE, the Ablative Astronaut!
SID SPACE prepositions (sub, in, de, sine, pro, ab, cum, ex) are
followed by the ablative case.
7.Five verbs which take the ablativeutor, fruor, fungor, potior, vescor
or (less complete), the acronym PUFF
potior, utor, fruor, fungor
students from Cornell College Latin 102
IV. CalendarIn March, July, October, May
The Ides are on the 15th day
The Nones the 7th, but all besides
Have two days less for Nones and Ides. David J. White