Major: A minimum of 13 courses (12 courses if CHE 161 is taken), including at least 10 courses in Biology, eight of which must be at or above the 200 level; also CHE 121-122 (or 161), and 225 (Chemical Principles I, II, or Accelerated General Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry I).

The courses in Biology must include the seven core courses listed below and at least one course from each of the other three groupings:

Core Courses

BIO 141 Foundations: Cellular Biology

BIO 142 Foundations: Organismal Biology

BIO 205 Cell and Molecular Biology

BIO 211 Evolution

BIO 315 Genetics

BIO 321 Ecology

Capstone Experience: BIO 485 Biological Problems or BMB 485 Problems

Cell Grouping Plant Grouping Animal Grouping

BIO 305 Advanced Molecular Biology

BIO 209 Plant Morphology

BIO 254 Ornithology

BIO 313 Developmental Biology

BIO 332 Plant Systematics

BIO 308 Invertebrate Zoology

BIO 326 Microbiology


BIO 312 Vertebrate Zoology

BIO 327 Immunology


BIO 334 Animal Behavior

BIO 328 Neurobiology


BIO 337 Entomology

BIO 335 Chemical Ecology


BIO 381 Topics- Animal


BIO 384 Topics- Animal

Appropriate supporting work in chemistry, physics, and mathematics is also strongly recommended.

Teaching Major: Identical to the general major except BIO 485 is not required. If the student's program permits, however, BIO 485 is strongly recommended. In addition to the foregoing requirements for the subject major, prospective teachers must also apply for admission to the Teacher Education Program (preferably at the start of their sophomore year) and complete coursework leading to secondary certification described under Education. Prospective teachers should request a current list of the specific course requirements from the Education Office.

Minor: A minimum of seven course credits (six courses if CHE 161 is taken), which include BIO 141, 142 and CHE 121-122 (or 161). Students may elect either of the following two ways to complete the minor: (1) CHE 225, BIO 205, and BIO 315; or (2) BIO 211, BIO 321 and one upper-level elective course in Biology. Environmental Studies majors may receive a minor in Biology by completing the first track, or by completing the second track only if two of the upper-level Biology courses counted toward the minor are not counted toward the Environmental Studies major. Biochemistry/Molecular Biology majors may receive a minor in Biology only by completing the second track with an upper-level elective course chosen from the plant or animal grouping. (See Declaration of Degree Candidacy, Majors, and Minors.)

Concentration: Students should consult with the Department concerning programs leading to graduate work in zoology, botany, or the health sciences; to high school teaching; to admission to schools of medicine and dentistry; and to various careers in the biological sciences.

Note: Students intending to take advanced work in Biology and all preprofessional students (medicine, dentistry, etc.) should take BIO 141 and 142.